How to Change a Car Tyre

A car and a spare tyreThe most important aspect of changing a tyre, from start to the finish, is safety. If possible, try to manoeuvre the vehicle in such a way that it doesn’t present a hazard to other road users. If it is night time or visibility is poor, ensure that you and the vehicle are as visible as possible, leave the headlights on, wear a hi-viz vest and/or set up a portable hazard sign if available.

Position the car

Position the vehicle on a solid, flat area i.e. not on a slope or soft ground. Engage the hand break and leave in gear, chock a wheel, with whatever is at hand, on the opposite side to the wheel with the flat tyre. This is necessary to prevent the vehicle moving as you work.

Locate your tools

Locate where your jack and tools are, and check the condition of them. If they are in poor condition do not attempt to use them as they could compromise safety. Locate your spare wheel and check that the tyre has adequate pressure, take it out of its housing and place on the floor near the flat. If you are having trouble locating the wheel, jack or tools consult your car owner’s manual.

Loosen the wheel nuts

Loosen the wheel nuts with the wrench provided (you may have to remove the hub cap first). Turn the nuts anti(counter) clockwise. You must make sure you are turning the wrench the correct way; remember—lefty loosey, righty tighty. If the nuts are particularly stiff, you can put some weight on them; using your foot is often the safest and most effective way.

Position the jack

Now you need to position your jack at a point near the wheel you are changing, in order to take the weight of the vehicle. Locating the correct position of the jack is important. It needs to be placed on a solid base and the point of contact with the vehicle should not be plastic or a soft area, as this will inevitably cause damage. There is normally a designated position for the jack (check the owner’s manual), if not, locate a part of the vehicle’s frame of suitable strength.

Raise the jack and remove the wheel

Once you have established how to do it, raise the jack so that the wheel is just clear of the ground. You can then loosen the wheel nuts fully, take them off, put them somewhere where you won’t lose them and remove the wheel.

Fit the spare wheel

You can now align the spare wheel to the studs, push it right on and screw the wheel nuts back on with your fingers, making sure you don’t cross the threads. Tighten them as far as you can with fingers. To tighten them completely, however, you will need to lower the jack so the wheel is sitting on the ground. You can then use the wrench to finish the job, applying enough pressure to absolutely make certain the wheel is firmly fixed in place. Replace the hub cap if you needed to remove it previously.

You can now remove the jack, tidy up the tools and take the wheel with the flat tyre to be repaired, which should be a relatively cheap and straightforward process.

Visit K&M Autocentre today to speak to a highly skilled member of staff who can assist you with anything you need. For more information, get in touch with us today and we’ll be happy to help.

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